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Small-scale mining continues, but it is slow and expensive, and ruby production throughout the country has gradually declined. Mogok or Moegote as it is often called by the locals is a charming city nestled in a green mountain valley 200km/ 5hr drive north of Mandalay. Call: +1 760 603 4000 Burrowing deep underground, thousands of informal miners risk their lives to find gleaming red gems as a law change spurs opportunity in Myanmar's “land of rubies”. A wide view of a ruby mining operation in the Mogok Valley region. d’Amato, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Vol. 1, Chap. These include Sagyin, Thabeitkyin, Naniazeik, Mogok and, most recently, Möng Hsu. While some suggested that the development of synthetic rubies would make the mining of natural rubies less profitable, this author reported that the British operators of the mining licenses around Mogok were expending large sums of money to further develop the mining operations. 18, pp. 19, No. A book that presents summaries of the mining operations for various minerals and ores, and includes a chapter on the ruby mines of Burma that describes the history of the area and the mining methods used to locate rubies. 197-238, (1896). MOGOK, Myanmar -- When the world hears about Mogok, it usually concerns some hefty ruby unearthed in the region and auctioned for millions of dollars -- … 1, pp. 61, No. Many nations have imposed strict sanctions on the country since then, and any reversal of the Jade Act seems highly unlikely. Official exports of rubies from the country are valued at over $87.4 million while the undocumented exports are possibly more. Period of the second lease, generally profitable (except 1897–98 and 1903) (Brown, 1927). 6, pp. 5, pp. Some dealers refer to top quality rubies as “Burmese” regardless of where they were mined, although this practice is frowned upon. Thailand buys the majority of Myanmar's gems. “The current ruby mining areas are rather exhausted, as we have been digging them for severa! 358-366, (1905). The article presents an account of a visit to the mining operations at Mogok, and includes a number of historical photographs of the area. Stones lighter than this are called pink sapphire. 2, pp. 28, No. Myanmar law allows foreign investors to enter joint ventures with … 2, No. A book that presents summaries of the mining operations for various minerals and ores, and includes a chapter on the ruby mines of Burma that describes the history of the area and the mining … Tiffany’s purchased the entire Cowee Valley in the 1890’s, and then two other companies, American Prospecting & Mining Co. and US Ruby Mining Co., also began work hoping to find the source of the extremely high grade rubies and sapphires found within the corundum mines. A chapter of this book on gem deposits is devoted to a description of the ruby mines near Mogok. Myanmar is the only source of Jadeite Jade and the only source of Imperial Jadeite in the world. A ruby mine in Mogok—one of the estimated 1,000 mines operating in the area. Synthetic Rubies and Ruby Treatments Like emeralds , almost all rubies have some type of imperfection, which helps in identifying synthetics. A report of a trip to the gem-mining areas of the country is provided by the author. It comes under the same umbrella as his parent's company, popular Myanmar … The list is not comprehensive, but a compilation of the some interesting gemological information that has often been forgotten or overlooked. Rubies of Burmese origin have long been considered the finest quality in the world. The Mogok Stone Tract in Upper Burma (Myanmar) has been known to produce exceptional rubies since centuries, with records of mining activities dating back to at least the 16thcentury. 9, No. “The ruby mines are getting deeper and deeper, so now we must use 20 men for the work that formerly 10 men could do,” said Dr U Kyaw Khine, the director of the Kyaw Win Tun Gem Company. 1, No. Rock Talk – A Mogok Geology Primer, W. Atichat and R.W. 4, pp. Brown and J.W. 3, pp. It also includes a discussion of the mining of ruby and other gem minerals. Dr. James Shigley is a distinguished research fellow at the Gemological Institute of America in Carlsbad, California. In 1886, Mogok came under control of the British “Burma Ruby Mines Ltd”. Streeter, Journal of the Manchester Geographical Society, Vol. The Ruby Mines of Burmah, Author unknown, Chambers’s Journal, Vol. Publication not seen. 58, No. In 1996, after the success of the Mong Hsu Ruby mine, Ruby Dragon expanded into jade mining in Phakant in the Kachin State. Among other characteristics, they are usually color zoned . Memorandum on the Metals and Minerals of Upper Burma, G.A. In the 1960s, a military coup destabilized Burma, and the country’s borders were closed. The rubies of Myanmar are found in metamorphic rocks. 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